Free Exercise Tips And Fitness Motivation

Do you find exercise to be a chore? Does it seem to be difficult to keep it up? Many people start with great intentions and are determined to start off with a fitness program that is going to change their lives / health / fitness overnight. It does not happen. You know the pattern – start full of enthusiasm and then day by day the regime gets a little shorter, the effort to keep going seems harder to find.

Don't worry, everyone has exactly the same problem. We all go through just the same thing. All the exercise guru's and fitness trainers stand there and tell you how great you are going to feel and how they are going to change your life. Then things fade off and a few months down the line you are still sitting on the couch wishing that you were like the guys you are watching on the TV.

OK. Lets try and address what's going on here. First off, don't believe that you are alone. The vast majority of people are in the same boat and have exactly the same problems. So, you want to be healthier and feel fitter, more vibrant and generally get that energy boost that everyone seems to go on about. Does it all sound like too much effort?

I would advise that first you ensure that you are getting all the vitamins and minerals that your body needs. If you are short of anything in the nutritional sense then you will not feel like doing anything much. You will lack energy and not get around to even feeling like exercising. Ensure your diet includes the basic '5 a day' fruit and veg, or if not take supplements. A good multivitamin daily is good. Get one that includes iron – needed for the red blood cells. You won't feel like doing anything much if you are in any way anaemic. Also vitamin b complex is good to take regularly. A brewers yeast tablet daily will supply the vitamin b's. Extra energy can be attained by using other supplements such as Ginseng – an ancient Chinese remedy which is gaining in popularity in the Western world.

Making sure you are well balanced from the inside will help to give you a feeling of well-being which in turn will make you feel more like keeping up with a fitness program. Eat regularly, little but often, and drink plenty of water. Limit the alcohol! Right, enough of the lecturing. How can we get the body exercising?

Fitness comes from exercising the body. Its as simple as that.

Next fact; people are lazy. They don't like exercising. Sitting on a couch is easier. Doing nothing is the simplest path. Now here is the major point of all this. The way your body is built is that it will follow the easy route and settle into the easy way, unless convinced otherwise. Once it starts getting regular exercise it will actually begin to crave more! Your body will ask you for more exercise when it starts to feel better – it maybe a strange way to think but this is important. Listen to your own body. Give it a little teaser. Take it for a walk each night. Just half a mile down the road and back. After week give it a little extra, a brisker walk and a longer distance.

A week later, your body is saying to you that it wants a little more. You will feel like helping it. Go on, indulge it, try getting on that stepping machine. A short time a day. Turn on the TV and do it when watching your regular programs. The main thing to remember is that even after a little exercise, you body will start to ask you for more. Go along with it.

Make sure that you use different exercise machines, to add variation and interest. You've probably got them all – exercise bike, elliptical cross trainer, weights, rowing machine. All the things you have seen and bought before and not used. Well dust them off, and use them while you are watching your TV or DVD's, it keeps your mind occupied while you are exercising and stops you getting bored.

Above all else, make it interesting. Use any means you can. Music, DVD's, TV, audio cassettes, it does not matter. Plug your iPod or MP3 in. Get two machines and compete with your partner – make it a race! Or just compare distance / repetitions as recorded on the digital readouts. Do some exercise on one machine and then jump onto another. Keep changing – make a mental game of it – imagine you in a Decathlon. Don't stick to one machine. Keep changing, keep interested. Boredom is the killer in this – don't give it a chance!

So, the most important fact to digest is the one that says your body will not only accept exercise but will actually ask you for more. Start it off and your own body will beg for more. Once started this is self generating! You just have to go along with it.

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The Smart Woman's Guide to Planning for Retirement by Mary Hunt – Personal Finance Book Review

Money maven, Mary Hunt, returns with a new book, "The Smart Woman's Guide to Planning for Retirement," to help women prosper financially in the New Year and beyond. While geared toward females, men can also benefit from Hunt's money knowledge, honed after she amassed over $ 100,000 in debt earlier in life; and took 13 years to erase.

"Have you had a retirement wake-up call?" Hunt asks early in the book. "I can promise you they intensify with age."

Hunt sites a 2012 survey that found that 92 percent of women of all ages do not feel educated enough to reach their retirement savings goals.

Saving for retirement requires determination and hard work; and Hunt believes women can succeed. "If we lack confidence, it's because we lack knowledge and desire, certainly not because we lack intelligence and ability," Hunt says.

Time trumps all factors when saving for retirement. The sooner you start, the better. But, Hunt emphasizes, regardless of what stage you are in life, you must begin now. "It's only too late if you don't start now. No matter where you are or how little you think you have, start now. Today. Start. Saving." Take baby steps to produce long-term results.

Hunt's teachings feature:

Retirement Savings Plan . Hunt promotes a six-step Retirement Savings Plan, which includes:

Build an emergency fund. Also known as a Contingency Fund. Save money for life's unexpected expenses (car repairs, home repairs, etc.) This money needs to be liquid (easily accessible within two or three days), safe from erosion (build in a risk-free savings account) and able to fund at least six months of living expenses should a job loss or other compromised income event occur.

Get out of debt. Eliminate all unsecured debt (credit card debt, student loans, personal loans). Hunt says they're like cancer stealing your future. Incorporate Hunt's Rapid Debt-Repayment Plan (RDRP) to abolish the debt.

Own your home outright . Buy half as much house as your mortgage approval. Make monthly mortgage payments equal to the full approval amount to own your residence in half the time. Fiercely protect your home equity (the difference between your home's market value and mortgage balance). Avoid taking a home equity loan or line of credit, which resets the clock on a thirty-year mortgage.

Consider hiring a financial planner once debt is eradicated or managed, a respectable amount in savings is amassed, retirement funds are growing, or an IRA inheritance or other cash windfall appears.

Hunt describes three types of financial planners:

  1. Commission-based. This planner does not charge based on time, but by selling investment products. He or she earns commissions on those sales.
  2. Fee-based. This planner works on a fixed fee or charges by the hour. Fees are stated up front and the planner is a registered investment advisor (RIA). They're required by law to meet fiduciary standards, making them responsible for putting the best interests of their clients first.
  3. Combo. This planner is a combination of the first two. Clients pay a fee, fixed or hourly and the planner earns commissions when the client buys financial products based on their recommendations.

Choose a financial planner with at least five years experience Hunt suggests. Ensure they act in your best interests, and can explain financial concepts on your level. Be wary of any planner who claims to be able to beat the market. Ultimately, collaborate with a planner; yet make your own investment decisions. Hunt underscores that, "An advisor's or planner's primary loyalty will be to the hand that feeds her. That is simply human nature."

Hunt educates in a conversational tone, avoiding jargon, charts and mind-numbing data, which makes for an engaging read. A Christian, she teaches faith-based money management. Hunt believes that God is the source of all life's blessings, including money. An employer, spouse, investments, trust account, parents or any other entity are the channels through which money flows, but not the ultimate source. She's making reasonable preparations for retirement without obsession; and trusting God for the outcome.

While having a retirement nest egg is important, Hunt reminds readers there is more to life than money. Health, spirituality, nurturing relationships, staying active, continual learning and volunteering are some attributes of a well-balanced existence.

Decade-by-decade financial planning, the five necessary tools for a money management system, investment basics (automate all payments to avoid not making monthly contributions (out-of-sight, out-of-mind), reverse mortgages, and parents paying for their children's college education (not required), are other money-saving / building topics addressed in the book.

Anyone committed to improving their financial fitness in 2014, will reap life treasures, beyond the bounds of cash, by inheriting Mary Hunt's money practices.

To establish your baseline financial status, and / or monitor your progress, order your free credit reports from the three big credit companies: Equifax, Experian, TransUnion, visit: Annual Credit Report .

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Securing a Small Business Loan

Insufficient funding is one of the top reasons why 80% of businesses fail within the first year and a half. As a business owner, not only do you have to cover all operating expenses, but the time and effort needed to succeed means you will almost certainly have to bid farewell to your day job and regular pay checks. Unless you’ve saved up enough to pay for everything for at least 18 months, you will probably have to find other sources of funding.

However, here we encounter another problem. A recent survey cited by the Credit Union Times showed that only about one-fifth of small business owners – incidentally about the same rate of successful businesses – rely on a small business loan. The survey showed that 62% were fearful of taking on a loan and almost one-fourth of respondents think they would not be approved for one. A Harvard Business School working paper by Karen Mills (Administrator of the US Small Business Administration until 2013) showed even more discouraging statistics. Banks continue to apply measures that restrict small business lending since the financial crisis hit, since such loans are generally always riskier than those to large businesses. Loans amounting to $ 1 million or less – the domain of small businesses – have gone down 21% since 2008. These loans were made up half of all bank loans in 1995, but only 30% in 2012.

So what can you do to have a better chance at securing a loan?

As the saying goes, “The devil is in the details.” Given the stricter requirements of banks, you will need to come up with a very convincing plan that shows your business will truly make a profit. Each number presented has to be supported by hard evidence or at least some realistic projections backed by in-depth research. There must also be a clear plan as to where the money will go and how it will influence your business’s success.

Aside from this, your entire personal finances will also be scrutinized, so make sure your taxes, mortgages, credit cards, assets and liabilities, and even your credentials are all spotless and in order.

The bottom line is, if you believe in your business idea and do the necessary due diligence in coming up with a sound budget and business plan, there should be no reason to be denied a small business loan. Otherwise, you may want to reconsider quitting your day job.

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The History of German Automobiles

In 1870, when Nikolaus Otto and his partner Karl Benz independently developed their internal combustion engines, which were four-stroke at the time, Germany was placed on the map as the birthplace of modern autos and the history of German Automobiles had begun. During the latter part of 1870, Karl Benz began experimenting with their engine design and some how ended up attaching it to a couch. This would forever be the genesis of today’s modern automobiles. And by 1901, the country of Germany produced roughly 900 autos per year.

Robert A. Brady, an American economist, documented extensively Germanys rationalization movement which helped to mold their industry’s focus during the 1920s. While Bradys general theories about this movement were applicable to Germanys auto industry, the Weimar Republic in its recent years saw the industry in declining health. And because of Germany being extremely reticent when trying to develop its automotive industry, they opened the floodgates for American automobile manufacturers like General Motors who bought out German automaker Opel and Ford Motor Company who possessed a very successful subsidiary in Germany.

However, the German automobile industry tumbled as the worlds economy folded during the late 1920s and early 1930s when the Great Depression raged on. This was a sad day indeed for the history of German automobiles. After the Great Depression had subsided, only twelve automakers in Germany survived. That small group included Opel, Fords Cologne factory and Daimler-Benz of out of an astonishing total of 86 automobile companies operating before the Depression. Also, four of Germanys top auto manufacturers-Dampf Kraft Wagen, Horch, Audi and Wanderer-came together in a joint venture to form the Auto Union. This Union would play a significant part to lead Germany back from their troubles with the depression.

In 1930, when the Nazi Party came to power, a significant change came about for Germanys auto industry and for the history of German automobiles. Motorisierung, a policy instituted by the Nazi Party, was a policy about transportation that Adolf Hitler himself believed to be a key part of his attempt to raise his citizens living standards in order to make the Nazi Party seem more legitimate to them. The Nazis began work on highway schemes while at the same time undertaking the Volkswagen project in order to build and design the inexpensive yet robust peoples car. ”

As of today, Germanys auto industry is one of its top employers, featuring a total labor pool of roughly 866,000 workers. Additionally, the country boasts of having the largest percentage of automobile production in all of Europe with a 29% share of the market, next is France with 18%, Spain with 13% and finally the United Kingdom with a 9% share of the market .

There are currently six major German companies which are dominating the automobile industry there: BMW, Porsche, VW, Opel (General Motors owns them), Audi (part of the Volkswagen Group) and Daimler AG. Roughly six million new vehicles are produced each year in Germany whilst around 4.8 million vehicles are produced each year by German brands overseas. Along with the top two auto manufacturers Japan and the United States, the country of Germany is number three on the list of top auto manufacturers around the world.

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Te History Of CRYPTOCURRENCY

The emergence of cryptocurrency is already taking over in our daily transactions. Cryptocurrency is a digital asset that exists in the crypto world with many referring to it as '' digital gold ''. But what really is cryptocurrency? You must be wondering.

This is a digital asset intended to be used as a medium of exchange. Clearly, this is a close substitute for money. However, it uses a strong cryptography to secure financial transactions, to verify the transfer of assets and control the creation of additional units. All cryptocurrency is either virtual currency, digital currency or alternative currency. It is imperative to note that all cryptocurrencies use a decentralized system of control as opposed to the centralized systems of banks and other financial institutions. These decentralized systems work through a distributed ledger technology that serves a public financial database. Normally, a blockchain is used.

What is a blockchain?

This a continuously growing list of records which are linked and secured using cryptography. This list is called blocks. A block chain is an open, distributed ledger which can be used to record transactions between two parties in a manner that is verifiable and permanent. To enable a block to get used as a distributed ledger, it is managed by a peer-to-peer network which collectively adheres to a protocol for validation of new blocks. Once the data is recorded in any book, it cannot be altered without the alteration of all other blocks. Therefore, blockchains are secure by design and also act as an example of distributed computing system.

The History of cryptography

David Chaum, an American cryptographer discovered an anonymous cryptographic electronic money that was called ecash. This happened in the year 1983. In the year 1995, David implemented it through Digicash. Digicash was an early form of cryptographic electronic payments that required user software in order to withdraw notes from a bank. It also allowed the designation of specific encrypted keys before being sent to a recipient. This property allowed the digital currency to be untraceable by the government, the issuing bank or any third party.

Following increased efforts in the following years, Bitcoin was created in the year 2009. This was the first decentralized cryptocurrency and was created by Satoshi Nakamoto, a pseudonymous developer. Bitcoin used SHA-256 as its cryptographic hash function (proof-of-work scheme). From the release of bitcoin, the following cryptocurrencies were also released.

1. Namecoin (April 2011)

2. Litecoin (October 2011)

3. Peercoin

These three coins and many others are referred to as altcoins . The term is used to refer to the alternative variants of bitcoin or simply other cryptocurrencies.

It is also imperative to note that cryptocurrencies are exchanged over the internet. This means that their use is primarily outside the banking systems and other governmental institutions. The cryptocurrency exchanges include exchange of cryptocurrency with other assets or with other digital currencies. Conventional fiat money is an example of an asset that can be traded with cryptocurrency.

Atomic Swaps

These refer to a proposed mechanism whereby one cryptocurrency will be able to get exchanged directly from another cryptocurrency. This means that with atomic swaps, there wouldn't be a need for participation third party in the exchange.

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Find Some Hidden Expenses in Your Car Insurance Such As Healthcare?

Chances are, if you own a car, you might be paying for some unnecessary “extra options.” For example, if you already have health insurance, why does one need the “medical coverage” under car insurance? Have you ever asked your car insurance company what this means? So what if you get into a car accident and you are injured? Will your current health insurance wait for your car insurance to kick in because you have this “medical coverage,” thus delaying claims? How long will this be delayed, and will this affect your health insurance coverage because of a “lengthy delay,” costing you more out-of-pocket medical expenses because you missed the submission day? It all sounds to familiar, right? But if you do not have health insurance and you are injured in a car accident, this “medical coverage” can help pay for some of your medical bills (it did for me).

In general, this “medical portion” of your car insurance MAY cover the following, but be sure to ask your car insurance representative to explain:

  • Some funeral expenses
  • Passengers that might be hurt while you or a family member is driving
  • If you are an injured passenger in someone else’s car
  • If you are struck by a car while walking or cycling
  • If you require dental care after an accident
  • If you require extended nursing services or hospitalization while rehabilitating
  • If you require prosthetic limbs

So if you are doing some “summer cleaning” and you are trying to uncover some cost savings because you are worried about that mysterious increasing premium under your health insurance, be sure to call your car insurance and start asking questions (and be sure to document the answers).

Start with these warm up questions: Do you really need the rental car option if you have a new car? How does that loss of income actually help you and in what situation? When does that bodily injury actually kick in, and what part of your body?

When you feel warmed up to the point that the car insurance representative is sweating, start asking about the “medical expense payments.” What is the bare minimum requirement needed in your state? What does it cover? How does it compare to your current health insurance? When does it kick in?

In addition, don’t be afraid to ask for more discounts, including any new discounts you might qualify for. In the end, you just might find you have saved yourself a couple of hundred on your car insurance; enough to pay for your new health insurance premiums … I know I did 🙂

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NASA Sats For Point-To-Point Air Travel Solutions

It appears NASA’s studies of the future of air travel and air taxi concepts. By studying these possible futures we may find our selves ready to accept flying cars in everyone’s garage.

Spoke and Hub and the future of Commercial Air Travel has changed drastically over the last two-decades. The proof being the advancement in the marketplace by discount airline carriers of course and the most recent acceleration coming about with fractional jet aircraft market. Here are two great websites so you can read up on this futuristic concept and the innovations rapidly approaching reality at;

Embry Riddle SATS Program

NASA Langley SATS Program

We may find ourselves sooner than expected with flying cars, perhaps similar to the cars in the movie; “Minority Report” with Tom Cruise. This of course is only one possible future; Net-Centric cars, which lock into the system and communicate with one another, like bids in a giant flock. No more traffic jams. The Spoke and Hub was a creation of the larger Airlines and Fred Smith’s Fed Ex concept. But even now we are seeing Fed Ex pre-sort and send much of the packages direct, rather than to the Memphis Mid-Night Sort. Which indeed is something to see and is recommended for any logistics or distribution student as the economies of scale nearly pay for the extra distances that many packages travel through the night to reach you by 10 AM guaranteed the next morning.

NASA is rapidly working on ways to improve safety and efficiency in the movement of people around the globe, which will free up air-traffic and alleviate some of the over worked and over used airports of our nation. Think on this.

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Are You Right For The Keto Diet?

These days, it seems like everyone is talking about the ketogenic (in short, keto) diet – the very low-carbohydrate, medium protein, high-fat eating plan that transforms your body into a fat-burning machine. Hollywood stars and professional athletes have publicly touted this diet's benefits, from losing weight, lowering blood sugar, fighting inflammation, reducing cancer risk, increasing energy, to slowing down aging. So is keto something that you should consider taking on? The following will explain what this diet is all about, the pros and cons, as well as the problems to look out for.

What Is Keto?

Normally, the body uses glucose as the main source of fuel for energy. When you are on a keto diet and you are eating very few carbs with only average amounts of protein (excess protein can be converted to carbs), your body switches its fuel supply to run mostly on fat. The liver produces ketones (a type of fatty acid) from fat. These ketones become a fuel source for the body, especially the brain which consumes plenty of energy and can run on either glucose or ketones.

When the body produces ketones, it enters a metabolic state called ketosis. Fasting is the easiest way to achieve ketosis. When you are fasting or eating very few carbs and only average amounts of protein, your body turns to burning stored fat for fuel. That is why people tend to lose more weight on the keto diet.

Benefits Of The Keto Diet

The keto diet is not new. It started being used in the 1920s as a medical therapy to treat epilepsy in children, but when anti-epileptic drugs came to the market, the diet fell into obscurity until recently. Given its success in reducing the number of seizures in epileptic patients, more and more research is being done on the ability of the diet to treat a range of neurologic disorders and other types of chronic illnesses.

  • Neurodegenerative diseases. New research indicates the benefits of keto in Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, autism, and multiple sclerosis (MS). It may also be protective in traumatic brain injury and stroke. One theory for keto's neuroprotective effects is that the ketones produced during ketosis provide additional fuel to brain cells, which may help those cells resist the damage from inflammation caused by these diseases.
  • Obesity and weight loss. If you are trying to lose weight, the keto diet is very effective as it helps to access and shed your body fat. Constant hunger is the biggest issue when you try to lose weight. The keto diet helps avoid this problem because reducing carb consumption and increasing fat intake promote satiety, making it easier for people to adhere to the diet. In a study, obese test subjects lost double the amount of weight within 24 weeks going on a low-carb diet (20.7 lbs) compared to the group on a low-fat diet (10.5 lbs).
  • Type 2 diabetes. Apart from weight loss, the keto diet also helps enhance insulin sensitivity, which is ideal for anyone with type 2 diabetes. In a study published in Nutrition & Metabolism, researchers noted that diabetics who ate low-carb keto diets were able to significantly reduce their dependence on diabetes medication and may even reverse it eventually. Additionally, it improves other health markers such as lowering triglyceride and LDL (bad) cholesterol and raising HDL (good) cholesterol.
  • Cancer. Most people are not aware that cancer cells' main fuel is glucose. That means eating the right diet may help suppress cancer growth. Since the keto diet is very low in carbs, it deprives the cancer cells of their primary source of fuel, which is sugar. When the body produces ketones, the healthy cells can use that as energy but not the cancer cells, so they are effectively being starved to death. As early as 1987, studies on keto diets have already demonstrated reduced tumor growth and improved survival for a number of cancers.

Comparing Standard American, Paleo, & Keto Diets

(As a% of total caloric intake)

__________________________ Carbs __________ Protein _________ Fat

Standard American Diet _____ 40-60% _________ 15-30% _________ 15-40%

Paleo Diet _________________ 20-40% _________ 20-35% _________ 25-50%

Keo Diet ________________ __5-10% __________ 10-15% _________ 70-80%

The key distinction between the keto diet and the standard American or Paleo diets is that it contains far fewer carbs and much more fat. The keto diet results in ketosis with circulating ketones ranging from 0.5-5.0 mM . This can be measured using a home blood ketone monitor with ketone test strips. (Please know that testing ketones in urine is not accurate.)

How To Formulate A Keto Diet

1. Carbohydrates

For most people, to achieve ketosis (getting ketones above 0.5 mM) requires them to restrict carbs to somewhere between 20-50 grams (g) / day. The actual amount of carbs will vary from person to person. Generally, the more insulin resistant a person is, the more resistant they are to ketosis. Some insulin sensitive athletes exercising vigorously can consume more than 50 g / day and remain in ketosis, whereas individuals with type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance may need to be closer to 20-30 g / day.

When calculating carbs, one is allowed to use net carbs, meaning total carbs minus fiber and sugar alcohols. The concept of net carbs is to incorporate only carbs that increase blood sugar and insulin. Fiber does not have any metabolic or hormonal impact and so do most sugar alcohols. The exception is maltitol, which can have a non-trivial impact on blood sugar and insulin. Therefore, if maltitol is on the ingredient list, sugar alcohol should not be deducted from total carbs.

The level of carbs one can consume and remain in ketosis may also change over time depending on keto adaptation, weight loss, exercise habits, medications, etc. Therefore, one should measure his / her ketone levels on a routine basis.

In terms of the overall diet, carb-dense foods like pastas, cereals, potatoes, rice, beans, sugary sweets, sodas, juices, and beer are not suitable.

Most dairy products contain carbs in the form of lactose (milk sugar). However, some have less carbs and can be used regularly. These include hard cheeses (Parmesan, cheddar), soft, high-fat cheeses (Brie), full-fat cream cheese, heavy whipping cream, and sour cream.

A carb level less than 50 g / day generally breaks down to the following:

  • 5-10 g carbs from protein-based foods. Eggs, cheese, and shellfish will carry a few residual grams of carbs from natural sources and added marinades and spices.
  • 10-15 g carbs from non-starchy vegetables.
  • 5-10 g carbs from nuts / seeds. Most nuts contain 5-6 g carbs per ounce.
  • 5-10 g carbs from fruits such as berries, olives, tomatoes, and avocados.
  • 5-10 g carbs from miscellaneous sources such as low-carb desserts, high-fat dressings, or drinks with very small amounts of sugar.

Beverages

Most people require at least half a gallon of total fluid per day. The best sources are filtered water, organic coffee and tea (regular and decaf, unsweetened), and unsweetened almond and coconut milk. Diet sodas and drinks are best avoided as they contain artificial sweeteners. If you drink red or white wine, limit to 1-2 glasses, the dryer the better. If you drink spirits, avoid the sweetened mixed drinks.

2. Protein

A keto diet is not a high protein diet. The reason is that protein increases insulin and can be converted to glucose through a process called gluconeogenesis, hence, inhibiting ketosis. However, a keto diet should not be too low in protein either as it can lead to loss of muscle tissue and function.

The average adult requires about 0.8-1.5 g per kilogram (kg) of lean body mass per day. It is important to make the calculation based on lean body mass, not total body weight. The reason is because fat mass does not require protein to maintain, only the lean muscle mass.

For example, if an individual weighs 150 lbs (or 150 / 2.2 = 68.18 kg) and has a body fat content of 20% (or lean body mass of 80% = 68.18 kg x 0.8 = 54.55 kg), the protein requirement may range from 44 (= 54.55 x 0.8) to 82 (= 54.55 x 1.5) g / day.

Those who are insulin resistant or doing the keto diet for therapeutic reasons (cancer, epilepsy, etc.) should aim to be closer to the lower protein limit. The higher limit is for those who are very active or athletic. For everyone else who is using the keto diet for weight loss or other health benefits, the amount of daily protein can be somewhere in between.

Best sources of high quality protein include:

  • Organic, pastured eggs (6-8 g of protein / egg)
  • Grass-fed meats (6-9 g of protein / oz)
  • Animal-based sources of omega-3 fats, such as wild-caught Alaskan salmon, sardines, and anchovies, and herrings. (6-9 g of protein / oz)
  • Nuts and seeds, such as macadamia, almonds, pecans, flax, hemp, and sesame seeds. (4-8 g of protein / quarter cup)
  • Vegetables (1-2 g of protein / oz)

3. Fat

Having figured out the exact amounts of carbs and protein to eat, the rest of the diet comes from fat. A keto diet is necessarily high in fat. If sufficient fat is eaten, body weight is maintained. If weigh loss is desired, one should consume less dietary fat and rely on stored body fat for energy expenditure instead.

(As a% of total caloric intake)

_________________________ Maintain Weight _______ Lose Weight

Carbs ____________________ 5-10% ________________ 5-10%

Protein __________________ 10-15% _______________ 10-15%

Fat from diet _____________ 70-80% _______________ 35-40%

Fat from stored body fat ___ 0% ___________________ 35-40%

For individuals who consume 2,000 calories a day to maintain their weight, daily fat intakes range from about 156-178 g / day. For large or very active individuals with high energy requirements who are maintaining weight, fat intakes may even exceed 300 g / day.

Most people can tolerate high intakes of fat, but certain conditions such as gallbladder removal may affect the amount of fat that can be consumed at a single meal. In which case, more frequent meals or use of bile salts or pancreatic enzymes high in lipase may be helpful.

Avoid eating undesirable fats such as trans fat, highly refined polyunsaturated vegetable oils, as well as high amounts of omega-6 polyunsaturated fats.

Best foods to obtain high quality fats include:

  • Avocados and avocado oil
  • Coconuts and coconut oil
  • Grass-fed butter, ghee, and beef fat
  • Organic, pastured heavy cream
  • Olive oil
  • Lard from pastured pigs
  • Medium chain triglycerides (MCTs)

MCT is a specific type of fat that is metabolized differently from regular long-chain fatty acids. The liver can use MCTs to rapidly produce energy, even before glucose, thus allowing an increased production of ketones.

Concentrated sources of MCT oil are available as supplements. Many people use them to help achieve ketosis. The only food that is uniquely high in MCTs is coconut oil. About two-thirds of the coconut fat is derived from MCT.

Who Should Be Cautious With A Keto Diet?

For most people, a keto diet is very safe. However, there are certain individuals who need to take special care and discuss with their doctors before going on such a diet.

  • Those taking medications for diabetes. Dosage may need to be adjusted as blood sugar goes down with a low-carb diet.
  • Those taking medications for high blood pressure. Dosage may need to be adjusted as blood pressure goes down with a low-carb diet.
  • Those who are breastfeeding should not go on a very strict low-carb diet as the body can lose about 30 g of carbs per day via the milk. Therefore, have at least 50 g of carbs per day while breastfeeding.
  • Those with kidney disease should consult with their doctors before doing a keto diet.

Common Concerns With A Keto Diet

  • Not being able to reach ketosis. Make sure you are not eating too much protein and there is no hidden carbs in the packaged foods that you consume.
  • Eating the wrong kinds of fat such as the highly refined polyunsaturated corn and soybean oils.
  • Symptoms of a "keto-flu" , such as feeling light-headed, dizziness, headaches, fatigue, brain fog, and constipation. When in ketosis, the body tends to excrete more sodium. If one is not getting enough sodium from the diet, symptoms of a keto-flu may appear. This is easily remedied by drinking 2 cups of broth (with added salt) per day. If you exercise vigorously or the sweat rate is high, you may need to add back even more sodium.
  • Dawn effect. Normal fasting blood sugars are less than 100 mg / dl and most people in ketosis will achieve this level if they are not diabetic. However, in some people fasting blood sugars tend to increase, especially in the morning, while on a keto diet. This is called the "dawn effect" and is due to the normal circadian rise in morning cortisol (stress hormone) that stimulates the liver to make more glucose. If this happens, make sure you are not consuming excessive protein at dinner and not too close to bedtime. Stress and poor sleep can also lead to higher cortisol levels. If you are insulin resistant, you may also need more time to achieve ketosis.
  • Low athletic performance. Keto-adaptation usually takes about 4 weeks. During which, instead of doing intense workouts or training, switch to something that is less vigorous. After the adaptation period, athletic performance usually returns to normal or even better, especially for endurance sports.
  • Keto-rash is not a common side effect of the diet. Probable causes include production of acetone (a form of ketone) in the sweat that irritates the skin or nutrient deficiencies including protein or minerals. Shower immediately after exercise and make sure you eat nutrient dense whole foods.
  • Ketoacidosis. This is a very rare condition that occurs when blood ketone levels go above 15 mM. A well-formulated keto diet does not cause ketoacidosis. Certain conditions such as type 1 diabetes, being on medications with SGLT-2 inhibitors for type 2 diabetes, or breastfeeding require extra caution. Symptoms include lethargy, nausea, vomiting, and rapid shallow breathing. Mild cases can be resolved using sodium bicarbonate mixed with diluted orange or apple juice. Severe symptoms require prompt medical attention.

Is Keto Safe For Long-Term?

This is an area of ​​some controversy. Though there have not been any studies indicating any adverse long-term effects of being on a keto diet, many experts now believe that the body may develop a "resistance" to the benefits of ketosis unless one regularly cycles in and out of it. In addition, eating a very high-fat diet in the long-term may not be suitable for all body types.

Cyclical keto diet

Once you are able to generate over 0.5 mM of ketones in the blood on a consistent basis, it is time to start reintroducing carbs back into the diet. Instead of eating merely 20-50 g of carbs / day, you may want to increase it to 100-150 g on those carb-feeding days. Typically, 2-3 times a week will be sufficient. Ideally, this is also done on strength training days on which you actually increase your protein intake.

This approach of cycling may make the diet plan more acceptable to some people who are reluctant to permanently eliminate some of their favorite foods. However, it may also lower resolve and commitment to the keto diet or trigger binges in susceptible individuals.

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Are You Right For The Keto Diet?

These days, it seems like everyone is talking about the ketogenic (in short, keto) diet – the very low-carbohydrate, medium protein, high-fat eating plan that transforms your body into a fat-burning machine. Hollywood stars and professional athletes have publicly touted this diet’s benefits, from losing weight, lowering blood sugar, fighting inflammation, reducing cancer risk, increasing energy, to slowing down aging. So is keto something that you should consider taking on? The following will explain what this diet is all about, the pros and cons, as well as the problems to look out for.

What Is Keto?

Normally, the body uses glucose as the main source of fuel for energy. When you are on a keto diet and you are eating very few carbs with only average amounts of protein (excess protein can be converted to carbs), your body switches its fuel supply to run mostly on fat. The liver produces ketones (a type of fatty acid) from fat. These ketones become a fuel source for the body, especially the brain which consumes plenty of energy and can run on either glucose or ketones.

When the body produces ketones, it enters a metabolic state called ketosis. Fasting is the easiest way to achieve ketosis. When you are fasting or eating very few carbs and only average amounts of protein, your body turns to burning stored fat for fuel. That is why people tend to lose more weight on the keto diet.

Benefits Of The Keto Diet

The keto diet is not new. It started being used in the 1920s as a medical therapy to treat epilepsy in children, but when anti-epileptic drugs came to the market, the diet fell into obscurity until recently. Given its success in reducing the number of seizures in epileptic patients, more and more research is being done on the ability of the diet to treat a range of neurologic disorders and other types of chronic illnesses.

  • Neurodegenerative diseases. New research indicates the benefits of keto in Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, autism, and multiple sclerosis (MS). It may also be protective in traumatic brain injury and stroke. One theory for keto’s neuroprotective effects is that the ketones produced during ketosis provide additional fuel to brain cells, which may help those cells resist the damage from inflammation caused by these diseases.
  • Obesity and weight loss. If you are trying to lose weight, the keto diet is very effective as it helps to access and shed your body fat. Constant hunger is the biggest issue when you try to lose weight. The keto diet helps avoid this problem because reducing carb consumption and increasing fat intake promote satiety, making it easier for people to adhere to the diet. In a study, obese test subjects lost double the amount of weight within 24 weeks going on a low-carb diet (20.7 lbs) compared to the group on a low-fat diet (10.5 lbs).
  • Type 2 diabetes. Apart from weight loss, the keto diet also helps enhance insulin sensitivity, which is ideal for anyone with type 2 diabetes. In a study published in Nutrition & Metabolism, researchers noted that diabetics who ate low-carb keto diets were able to significantly reduce their dependence on diabetes medication and may even reverse it eventually. Additionally, it improves other health markers such as lowering triglyceride and LDL (bad) cholesterol and raising HDL (good) cholesterol.
  • Cancer. Most people are not aware that cancer cells’ main fuel is glucose. That means eating the right diet may help suppress cancer growth. Since the keto diet is very low in carbs, it deprives the cancer cells of their primary source of fuel, which is sugar. When the body produces ketones, the healthy cells can use that as energy but not the cancer cells, so they are effectively being starved to death. As early as 1987, studies on keto diets have already demonstrated reduced tumor growth and improved survival for a number of cancers.

Comparing Standard American, Paleo, & Keto Diets

(As a% of total caloric intake)

__________________________ Carbs __________ Protein _________ Fat

Standard American Diet _____ 40-60% _________ 15-30% _________ 15-40%

Paleo Diet _________________ 20-40% _________ 20-35% _________ 25-50%

Keo Diet ________________ __5-10% __________ 10-15% _________ 70-80%

The key distinction between the keto diet and the standard American or Paleo diets is that it contains far fewer carbs and much more fat. The keto diet results in ketosis with circulating ketones ranging from 0.5-5.0 mM . This can be measured using a home blood ketone monitor with ketone test strips. (Please know that testing ketones in urine is not accurate.)

How To Formulate A Keto Diet

1. Carbohydrates

For most people, to achieve ketosis (getting ketones above 0.5 mM) requires them to restrict carbs to somewhere between 20-50 grams (g) / day. The actual amount of carbs will vary from person to person. Generally, the more insulin resistant a person is, the more resistant they are to ketosis. Some insulin sensitive athletes exercising vigorously can consume more than 50 g / day and remain in ketosis, whereas individuals with type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance may need to be closer to 20-30 g / day.

When calculating carbs, one is allowed to use net carbs, meaning total carbs minus fiber and sugar alcohols. The concept of net carbs is to incorporate only carbs that increase blood sugar and insulin. Fiber does not have any metabolic or hormonal impact and so do most sugar alcohols. The exception is maltitol, which can have a non-trivial impact on blood sugar and insulin. Therefore, if maltitol is on the ingredient list, sugar alcohol should not be deducted from total carbs.

The level of carbs one can consume and remain in ketosis may also change over time depending on keto adaptation, weight loss, exercise habits, medications, etc. Therefore, one should measure his / her ketone levels on a routine basis.

In terms of the overall diet, carb-dense foods like pastas, cereals, potatoes, rice, beans, sugary sweets, sodas, juices, and beer are not suitable.

Most dairy products contain carbs in the form of lactose (milk sugar). However, some have less carbs and can be used regularly. These include hard cheeses (Parmesan, cheddar), soft, high-fat cheeses (Brie), full-fat cream cheese, heavy whipping cream, and sour cream.

A carb level less than 50 g / day generally breaks down to the following:

  • 5-10 g carbs from protein-based foods. Eggs, cheese, and shellfish will carry a few residual grams of carbs from natural sources and added marinades and spices.
  • 10-15 g carbs from non-starchy vegetables.
  • 5-10 g carbs from nuts / seeds. Most nuts contain 5-6 g carbs per ounce.
  • 5-10 g carbs from fruits such as berries, olives, tomatoes, and avocados.
  • 5-10 g carbs from miscellaneous sources such as low-carb desserts, high-fat dressings, or drinks with very small amounts of sugar.

Beverages

Most people require at least half a gallon of total fluid per day. The best sources are filtered water, organic coffee and tea (regular and decaf, unsweetened), and unsweetened almond and coconut milk. Diet sodas and drinks are best avoided as they contain artificial sweeteners. If you drink red or white wine, limit to 1-2 glasses, the dryer the better. If you drink spirits, avoid the sweetened mixed drinks.

2. Protein

A keto diet is not a high protein diet. The reason is that protein increases insulin and can be converted to glucose through a process called gluconeogenesis, hence, inhibiting ketosis. However, a keto diet should not be too low in protein either as it can lead to loss of muscle tissue and function.

The average adult requires about 0.8-1.5 g per kilogram (kg) of lean body mass per day. It is important to make the calculation based on lean body mass, not total body weight. The reason is because fat mass does not require protein to maintain, only the lean muscle mass.

For example, if an individual weighs 150 lbs (or 150 / 2.2 = 68.18 kg) and has a body fat content of 20% (or lean body mass of 80% = 68.18 kg x 0.8 = 54.55 kg), the protein requirement may range from 44 (= 54.55 x 0.8) to 82 (= 54.55 x 1.5) g / day.

Those who are insulin resistant or doing the keto diet for therapeutic reasons (cancer, epilepsy, etc.) should aim to be closer to the lower protein limit. The higher limit is for those who are very active or athletic. For everyone else who is using the keto diet for weight loss or other health benefits, the amount of daily protein can be somewhere in between.

Best sources of high quality protein include:

  • Organic, pastured eggs (6-8 g of protein / egg)
  • Grass-fed meats (6-9 g of protein / oz)
  • Animal-based sources of omega-3 fats, such as wild-caught Alaskan salmon, sardines, and anchovies, and herrings. (6-9 g of protein / oz)
  • Nuts and seeds, such as macadamia, almonds, pecans, flax, hemp, and sesame seeds. (4-8 g of protein / quarter cup)
  • Vegetables (1-2 g of protein / oz)

3. Fat

Having figured out the exact amounts of carbs and protein to eat, the rest of the diet comes from fat. A keto diet is necessarily high in fat. If sufficient fat is eaten, body weight is maintained. If weigh loss is desired, one should consume less dietary fat and rely on stored body fat for energy expenditure instead.

(As a% of total caloric intake)

_________________________ Maintain Weight _______ Lose Weight

Carbs ____________________ 5-10% ________________ 5-10%

Protein __________________ 10-15% _______________ 10-15%

Fat from diet _____________ 70-80% _______________ 35-40%

Fat from stored body fat ___ 0% ___________________ 35-40%

For individuals who consume 2,000 calories a day to maintain their weight, daily fat intakes range from about 156-178 g / day. For large or very active individuals with high energy requirements who are maintaining weight, fat intakes may even exceed 300 g / day.

Most people can tolerate high intakes of fat, but certain conditions such as gallbladder removal may affect the amount of fat that can be consumed at a single meal. In which case, more frequent meals or use of bile salts or pancreatic enzymes high in lipase may be helpful.

Avoid eating undesirable fats such as trans fat, highly refined polyunsaturated vegetable oils, as well as high amounts of omega-6 polyunsaturated fats.

Best foods to obtain high quality fats include:

  • Avocados and avocado oil
  • Coconuts and coconut oil
  • Grass-fed butter, ghee, and beef fat
  • Organic, pastured heavy cream
  • Olive oil
  • Lard from pastured pigs
  • Medium chain triglycerides (MCTs)

MCT is a specific type of fat that is metabolized differently from regular long-chain fatty acids. The liver can use MCTs to rapidly produce energy, even before glucose, thus allowing an increased production of ketones.

Concentrated sources of MCT oil are available as supplements. Many people use them to help achieve ketosis. The only food that is uniquely high in MCTs is coconut oil. About two-thirds of the coconut fat is derived from MCT.

Who Should Be Cautious With A Keto Diet?

For most people, a keto diet is very safe. However, there are certain individuals who need to take special care and discuss with their doctors before going on such a diet.

  • Those taking medications for diabetes. Dosage may need to be adjusted as blood sugar goes down with a low-carb diet.
  • Those taking medications for high blood pressure. Dosage may need to be adjusted as blood pressure goes down with a low-carb diet.
  • Those who are breastfeeding should not go on a very strict low-carb diet as the body can lose about 30 g of carbs per day via the milk. Therefore, have at least 50 g of carbs per day while breastfeeding.
  • Those with kidney disease should consult with their doctors before doing a keto diet.

Common Concerns With A Keto Diet

  • Not being able to reach ketosis. Make sure you are not eating too much protein and there is no hidden carbs in the packaged foods that you consume.
  • Eating the wrong kinds of fat such as the highly refined polyunsaturated corn and soybean oils.
  • Symptoms of a “keto-flu” , such as feeling light-headed, dizziness, headaches, fatigue, brain fog, and constipation. When in ketosis, the body tends to excrete more sodium. If one is not getting enough sodium from the diet, symptoms of a keto-flu may appear. This is easily remedied by drinking 2 cups of broth (with added salt) per day. If you exercise vigorously or the sweat rate is high, you may need to add back even more sodium.
  • Dawn effect. Normal fasting blood sugars are less than 100 mg / dl and most people in ketosis will achieve this level if they are not diabetic. However, in some people fasting blood sugars tend to increase, especially in the morning, while on a keto diet. This is called the “dawn effect” and is due to the normal circadian rise in morning cortisol (stress hormone) that stimulates the liver to make more glucose. If this happens, make sure you are not consuming excessive protein at dinner and not too close to bedtime. Stress and poor sleep can also lead to higher cortisol levels. If you are insulin resistant, you may also need more time to achieve ketosis.
  • Low athletic performance. Keto-adaptation usually takes about 4 weeks. During which, instead of doing intense workouts or training, switch to something that is less vigorous. After the adaptation period, athletic performance usually returns to normal or even better, especially for endurance sports.
  • Keto-rash is not a common side effect of the diet. Probable causes include production of acetone (a form of ketone) in the sweat that irritates the skin or nutrient deficiencies including protein or minerals. Shower immediately after exercise and make sure you eat nutrient dense whole foods.
  • Ketoacidosis. This is a very rare condition that occurs when blood ketone levels go above 15 mM. A well-formulated keto diet does not cause ketoacidosis. Certain conditions such as type 1 diabetes, being on medications with SGLT-2 inhibitors for type 2 diabetes, or breastfeeding require extra caution. Symptoms include lethargy, nausea, vomiting, and rapid shallow breathing. Mild cases can be resolved using sodium bicarbonate mixed with diluted orange or apple juice. Severe symptoms require prompt medical attention.

Is Keto Safe For Long-Term?

This is an area of ​​some controversy. Though there have not been any studies indicating any adverse long-term effects of being on a keto diet, many experts now believe that the body may develop a “resistance” to the benefits of ketosis unless one regularly cycles in and out of it. In addition, eating a very high-fat diet in the long-term may not be suitable for all body types.

Cyclical keto diet

Once you are able to generate over 0.5 mM of ketones in the blood on a consistent basis, it is time to start reintroducing carbs back into the diet. Instead of eating merely 20-50 g of carbs / day, you may want to increase it to 100-150 g on those carb-feeding days. Typically, 2-3 times a week will be sufficient. Ideally, this is also done on strength training days on which you actually increase your protein intake.

This approach of cycling may make the diet plan more acceptable to some people who are reluctant to permanently eliminate some of their favorite foods. However, it may also lower resolve and commitment to the keto diet or trigger binges in susceptible individuals.

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Women and Men: Love or Mutual Manipulation? The War of Sex

"All human unhappiness comes from not accepting the reality as it is" – Buddha

"And you will know the truth and the truth will set you free" – John, 8:32

"The truth will set you free, but first it will set you angry" – Bruno Medicina

The relationship between men and women is a virtually inexhaustible topic of debate, and in fact there is no transmission, magazine, interview, or just a simple conversation in which someone does not feel the need to tell his opinion about this or that aspect of male -female relationship. However, beyond the banal, the commonplace, the complaints and stereotypes, it is difficult to reach some kind of agreement, essentially, for two reasons:

-it's rather difficult for us to accept some aspects of reality that we perceive as "negative", that's why there is much talk about how things "should" be and little about how they actually are.

-as each of us is directly implicated, it is virtually impossible to remain detached and objective, and we constantly find ourselves embroiled in an infinite web of denials, projections, rationalizations.

The result is – as it happens every time we deny reality – that we can not create in our minds a good forecasting model; and as reality is very stubborn in its manifestations, we continue to fight with aspects of it that seem mysterious and incomprehensible to us.

However, if we find the courage to change the paradigm and to reason with detachment, taking into account both the verifiable facts that we have available and the latest findings of evolutionary psychology, a series of seemingly "inexplicable" events can become not only clear, but also necessary and inevitable.

So, let's begin with setting some points firm and indisputable that may seem seem annoying but – once accepted – may represent an important step in the understanding of self and others:

-any living thing in the universe has as its primary purpose surviving. And since death is inevitable, in consequence one aims is to reproduce oneself and thus allow the survival of its genes.

-our bodies and our brains are the result of millions of years of evolution, during which they kept all the winning features, namely those that have allowed us to survive and reproduce. Civilization has taught us that violence, greed, selfishness, sexual desire, the need for power, dominance and so on are characteristic "negative", but without them we would not be here.

-our bodies and our brains have remained virtually unchanged over the last 100,000 years, therefore it makes no sense to consider ourselves different from our ancestors: they used the club and we use the Kalashnikov, but the principles of behavior remain the same.

(Note: whenever you try to talk about evolution, there is the risk to provoke a violent reaction from believers of different religions. This is not the place to talk about the subject, although I think evolution and religion are perfectly compatible. Eventually, to Continue the conversation, the believers can imagine that we were created to live in the jungle, and that God has programmed us with a lot of characteristics best suited to that type of environment, characteristics that we still have today.)

Consequently, although we like to believe that we are civilized men, very different from cave dwellers, the reality is that we carry with us all our genetic inheritance, ready to explode at the first opportunity. Just watch what happens during war, fire, earthquake, or any other type of event that would jeopardize our physical survival: we have the same reactions of an animal attacked by a predator.

That having been said, it is clear that contemporary men and women have the same basic purpose, namely to survive and pass on their genes to the next generations, and they clearly need each other. However, the manner in which they pursue this goal is completely different, because of some fundamental biological differences, and this is precisely the main theme of this article.

-a male can produce a virtually unlimited number of children, while a female has an obvious physical limit. Not only that, a male (if he is in good shape …) can be ready for another female after a quarter of an hour, while the female – once fertilized – remains "locked" for one year and, from a genetic point of view, has no benefit from further sexual partners.

The mere acceptance of this obvious truth shows us two completely different reproductive strategies: while the male has a genetic self-interest to maintain sexual contact with as many females as possible – without posing too many questions about their quality – the female is interested in to be as selective as possible – and therefore hesitant … – to make the best possible choice.

What actually means "the best possible choice": unlike other young animals, human babies have a very long period of dependency on the mother, during which the female can not get away from them. This means that it is the male duty to leave the refuge in order to hunt / gather and bring the food home, and, if the female is unable to bind him to herself, she and her children will quite simply die of hunger. Consequently, the choice of a partner not only has to do with the level of physical attraction, but also and especially with the ability to procure food and to remain faithful.

– as it's the female interest to make the best choice possible, inevitably she must maintain the right to refuse at any time the intercourse, in the case that a better partner appears. This implies that the main characteristic of the female communication is ambiguity. A female will continue to transmit signals of availability, receiving in exchange a series of advantages in terms of attention and material benefit, while retaining the option of refusal at any moment, claiming to have been misunderstood.

What follows is that the male is forced to lie to achieve his goal, because a direct request would force the female to a clear answer, which would make difficult any reconsideration (if you do not believe it, imagine the possibilities of success of a stranger who tries to seduce a female with a phrase like "Hey, you're a beautiful chick, why don't you come to my place to get laid?" utmost sincerity, zero results …)

From here one can discover all the rituals of courtship, rituals which we encounter daily and that can often confuse us in the most absolute way.

Needless to add that – once it is established that the female is attracted by good genes, material availability and reliability, the male will do everything possible to simulate these characteristics …

-there is a clear difference from physical point of view: usually the male is stronger and faster. Therefore, to maintain balance, the female has developed an arsenal of psychological tools to get what she wants from the male. In fact, throughout human history the male was always "the boss" but, as self-respecting female know, strictly ruled by a partner who directs his behavior through petitions, victimise, allusions, tears, feelings of guilt and so on.

-Because one male can fertilize many females while the female remains unusable once fertilized, this unleashes as result competition among males (in fact, consider another obvious truth: monogamy is not derived from respect for females, but by an agreement between males to reduce level of conflict in the group)

In this sense, the male puts any effort to elevate its status among other males, to have the priority to choose the female.

Obviously, since this male was already selected by the struggle between males, the female has every incentive to "be chosen", because she is guaranteed to get the best genes.

Thus, we can explain why the female – while accusing the men of being obsessed with sex – she's the one devoting more attention to the hair, the makeup, the look in general: it is her obvious interest to be chosen from the best males. In this sense, while the personal preference may be wrong, the result of a struggle for selection can not be discussed.

-the female can fool the male with regard to paternity, and can put an unaware male in a position to maintain and nurture a child that's not his (this is the reason why in the course of history, female infidelity has been severely punished, while males one tolerated, even by the females)

Incidentally, it is also the reason behind the "engagement", a period during which you take away the chosen female from other males attention, without entertaining sexual relations with her: certainly not for respect for the female, but to be sure that the child is actually yours.

-in this regard, the female has a particular problem: as she has every interest in having access to the best genes possible, it is also clear that the beautiful, strong and vigorous male will be tempted to mate with a large number of females, and be therefore rather unreliable; on the other hand, the male "faithful" have usually a genetic potential "so-so".

Consequently, the situation of maximum benefit for the female is to be fertilized by a strong and handsome but untrustworthy guy, and then to put an ugly but faithful guy to nurture her and the child.

You can see if this is what happens …

It is clear that in a short article as this I can't go too deep into the argument, and it is a pity because the issues that deserve attention are much more than these. However, even accepting and considering the little I have said, a series of behaviors that we consider negative or incomprehensible become immediately very clear and obvious.

Of course, it is possible that you don't agree with some of my statements.

But before you show your disagreement, please note that while some aspects of today's society apparently are no longer valid (I know that there are contraceptives and social assistance, that in many cases the wife earns more than husband and all other arguments that I usually hear as answer), this only shows how in recent decades we have distorted the social balance of nature.

This is not to say that this is a bad thing, I'm simply pointing to the fact that a number of situations that we now consider normal, are not normal at all, and they are not so much due to social development, but to technology. Just imagine if electricity disappeared, for example (and then no more washing machine, no more refrigerator, no more lifts, ..), and you see that the social structure would return to what it was for thousands of years (and what is still today – do not forget – for 80% of world population.)

One last consideration, not to be misunderstood: you can like or not the things that I sais, but they are indisputable. Deny them for ideological reasons will only result in a constant clash with a reality that will continue inexorably to recur.

I believe we can master and accept only what we know: what we don't know or deny or will continue to influence and determine our behavior.

And there is no greater obstacle to personal and spiritual development than to deny our genetic inheritance

Greetings

Bruno

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